These pieces are created using a combination of enameling and metal clay techniques. The Cloisonné focal is comprised of multiple layers of enamel (finely ground glass), that are applied wet with a fine paintbrush to a prepared base of either copper, or textured fine silver. I carefully bend 24 karat gold or fine silver Cloisonné wires into shapes using hand held jewelry tools including pliers, tweezers, and mandrels. I then transfer and fuse the wires to the copper or fine silver base. Next, I begin to paint or fill in the design with many thin layers of enamel. Between each application of enamel, the piece is fired in a kiln at 1450°F, until the enamel flows. As I add layers, and build depth, I carefully blend my colors and add 24 karat gold or fine silver foil elements to add interest and movement to the design. After building up the layers to the desired depth, the surface is then ground down to create a flush smooth finish. A final "flash firing" gives the piece a shiny surface. I then create the settings using fine silver metal clay techniques. Click here to see a slide show of the Cloisonné process.